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The *D*_{st} index is the most popular measure of a scale of magnetic storms, and it is widely used as a monitor of the conditions of the Earth's magnetosphere. Since the *D*_{st} index contains contributions from multiple magnetospheric phenomena, it is important to distinguish each of the contributions in order to obtain meaningful information about the conditions of the magnetosphere. There have been several efforts which modeled temporal evolution of the *D*_{st} index empirically, and these empirical models considers some contributions separately. However, they take only short-term varations into accout, and contributions from phenomena which show long-term variations are neglected. In the present study, we have developed a technique for estimating the component of long-term variations of the *D*_{st} index using solar wind data and a nonlinear empirical model. The newly-developed technique adopts an algorithm which is similar to the particle filter. This algorithm allows an on-line processing of a long sequence of *D*_{st} data, which would enable a real-time estimation of system variables in a nonlinear system model. The estimates of the long-term variations can be used for accurate estimation of other contributions to the *D*_{st} index, which would provide credible information about the conditions of the magnetosphere. The framework proposed in the present study could be applied for the purpose of continuous real-time monitoring of the environment of the magnetosphere.

- Publication
- IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information Vol.E92-D No.7 pp.1382-1387

- Publication Date
- 2009/07/01

- Publicized

- Online ISSN
- 1745-1361

- DOI
- 10.1587/transinf.E92.D.1382

- Type of Manuscript
- Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Large Scale Algorithms for Learning and Optimization)

- Category

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Shin'ya NAKANO, Tomoyuki HIGUCHI, "Estimation of a Long-Term Variation of a Magnetic-Storm Index Using the Merging Particle Filter" in IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information,
vol. E92-D, no. 7, pp. 1382-1387, July 2009, doi: 10.1587/transinf.E92.D.1382.

Abstract: The *D*_{st} index is the most popular measure of a scale of magnetic storms, and it is widely used as a monitor of the conditions of the Earth's magnetosphere. Since the *D*_{st} index contains contributions from multiple magnetospheric phenomena, it is important to distinguish each of the contributions in order to obtain meaningful information about the conditions of the magnetosphere. There have been several efforts which modeled temporal evolution of the *D*_{st} index empirically, and these empirical models considers some contributions separately. However, they take only short-term varations into accout, and contributions from phenomena which show long-term variations are neglected. In the present study, we have developed a technique for estimating the component of long-term variations of the *D*_{st} index using solar wind data and a nonlinear empirical model. The newly-developed technique adopts an algorithm which is similar to the particle filter. This algorithm allows an on-line processing of a long sequence of *D*_{st} data, which would enable a real-time estimation of system variables in a nonlinear system model. The estimates of the long-term variations can be used for accurate estimation of other contributions to the *D*_{st} index, which would provide credible information about the conditions of the magnetosphere. The framework proposed in the present study could be applied for the purpose of continuous real-time monitoring of the environment of the magnetosphere.

URL: https://global.ieice.org/en_transactions/information/10.1587/transinf.E92.D.1382/_p

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@ARTICLE{e92-d_7_1382,

author={Shin'ya NAKANO, Tomoyuki HIGUCHI, },

journal={IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information},

title={Estimation of a Long-Term Variation of a Magnetic-Storm Index Using the Merging Particle Filter},

year={2009},

volume={E92-D},

number={7},

pages={1382-1387},

abstract={The *D*_{st} index is the most popular measure of a scale of magnetic storms, and it is widely used as a monitor of the conditions of the Earth's magnetosphere. Since the *D*_{st} index contains contributions from multiple magnetospheric phenomena, it is important to distinguish each of the contributions in order to obtain meaningful information about the conditions of the magnetosphere. There have been several efforts which modeled temporal evolution of the *D*_{st} index empirically, and these empirical models considers some contributions separately. However, they take only short-term varations into accout, and contributions from phenomena which show long-term variations are neglected. In the present study, we have developed a technique for estimating the component of long-term variations of the *D*_{st} index using solar wind data and a nonlinear empirical model. The newly-developed technique adopts an algorithm which is similar to the particle filter. This algorithm allows an on-line processing of a long sequence of *D*_{st} data, which would enable a real-time estimation of system variables in a nonlinear system model. The estimates of the long-term variations can be used for accurate estimation of other contributions to the *D*_{st} index, which would provide credible information about the conditions of the magnetosphere. The framework proposed in the present study could be applied for the purpose of continuous real-time monitoring of the environment of the magnetosphere.},

keywords={},

doi={10.1587/transinf.E92.D.1382},

ISSN={1745-1361},

month={July},}

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TY - JOUR

TI - Estimation of a Long-Term Variation of a Magnetic-Storm Index Using the Merging Particle Filter

T2 - IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information

SP - 1382

EP - 1387

AU - Shin'ya NAKANO

AU - Tomoyuki HIGUCHI

PY - 2009

DO - 10.1587/transinf.E92.D.1382

JO - IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information

SN - 1745-1361

VL - E92-D

IS - 7

JA - IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information

Y1 - July 2009

AB - The *D*_{st} index is the most popular measure of a scale of magnetic storms, and it is widely used as a monitor of the conditions of the Earth's magnetosphere. Since the *D*_{st} index contains contributions from multiple magnetospheric phenomena, it is important to distinguish each of the contributions in order to obtain meaningful information about the conditions of the magnetosphere. There have been several efforts which modeled temporal evolution of the *D*_{st} index empirically, and these empirical models considers some contributions separately. However, they take only short-term varations into accout, and contributions from phenomena which show long-term variations are neglected. In the present study, we have developed a technique for estimating the component of long-term variations of the *D*_{st} index using solar wind data and a nonlinear empirical model. The newly-developed technique adopts an algorithm which is similar to the particle filter. This algorithm allows an on-line processing of a long sequence of *D*_{st} data, which would enable a real-time estimation of system variables in a nonlinear system model. The estimates of the long-term variations can be used for accurate estimation of other contributions to the *D*_{st} index, which would provide credible information about the conditions of the magnetosphere. The framework proposed in the present study could be applied for the purpose of continuous real-time monitoring of the environment of the magnetosphere.

ER -