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The performance of a fully wireless-power-transfer (WPT) node network, in which each node transfers (and receives) energy through a wireless channel when it has sufficient (and insufficient) energy in its battery, was theoretically analyzed. The lost job ratio (LJR), namely, is the ratio of (i) the amount of jobs that cannot be done due to battery of a node running out to (ii) the amount of jobs that should be done, is used as a performance metric. It describes the effect of the battery of each node running out and how much additional energy is needed. Although it is known that WPT can reduce the probability of the battery running out among a few nodes within a small area, the performance of a fully WPT network has not been clarified. By using stochastic geometry and first-passage-time analysis for a diffusion process, the expected LJR was theoretically derived. Numerical examples demonstrate that the key parameters determining the performance of the network are node density, threshold switching of statuses between “transferring energy” and “receiving energy,” and the parameters of power conversion. They also demonstrate the followings: (1) The mean energy stored in the node battery decreases in the networks because of the loss caused by WPT, and a fully WPT network cannot decrease the probability of the battery running out under the current WPT efficiency. (2) When the saturation value of power conversion increases, a fully WPT network can decrease the probability of the battery running out although the mean energy stored in the node battery still decreases in the networks. This result is explained by the fact that the variance of stored energy in each node battery becomes smaller due to transfer of energy from nodes of sufficient energy to nodes of insufficient energy.
Hiroshi SAITO
the University of Tokyo
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Hiroshi SAITO, "Theoretical Analysis of Fully Wireless-Power-Transfer Node Networks" in IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications,
vol. E106-B, no. 10, pp. 864-872, October 2023, doi: 10.1587/transcom.2022EBP3204.
Abstract: The performance of a fully wireless-power-transfer (WPT) node network, in which each node transfers (and receives) energy through a wireless channel when it has sufficient (and insufficient) energy in its battery, was theoretically analyzed. The lost job ratio (LJR), namely, is the ratio of (i) the amount of jobs that cannot be done due to battery of a node running out to (ii) the amount of jobs that should be done, is used as a performance metric. It describes the effect of the battery of each node running out and how much additional energy is needed. Although it is known that WPT can reduce the probability of the battery running out among a few nodes within a small area, the performance of a fully WPT network has not been clarified. By using stochastic geometry and first-passage-time analysis for a diffusion process, the expected LJR was theoretically derived. Numerical examples demonstrate that the key parameters determining the performance of the network are node density, threshold switching of statuses between “transferring energy” and “receiving energy,” and the parameters of power conversion. They also demonstrate the followings: (1) The mean energy stored in the node battery decreases in the networks because of the loss caused by WPT, and a fully WPT network cannot decrease the probability of the battery running out under the current WPT efficiency. (2) When the saturation value of power conversion increases, a fully WPT network can decrease the probability of the battery running out although the mean energy stored in the node battery still decreases in the networks. This result is explained by the fact that the variance of stored energy in each node battery becomes smaller due to transfer of energy from nodes of sufficient energy to nodes of insufficient energy.
URL: https://global.ieice.org/en_transactions/communications/10.1587/transcom.2022EBP3204/_p
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@ARTICLE{e106-b_10_864,
author={Hiroshi SAITO, },
journal={IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications},
title={Theoretical Analysis of Fully Wireless-Power-Transfer Node Networks},
year={2023},
volume={E106-B},
number={10},
pages={864-872},
abstract={The performance of a fully wireless-power-transfer (WPT) node network, in which each node transfers (and receives) energy through a wireless channel when it has sufficient (and insufficient) energy in its battery, was theoretically analyzed. The lost job ratio (LJR), namely, is the ratio of (i) the amount of jobs that cannot be done due to battery of a node running out to (ii) the amount of jobs that should be done, is used as a performance metric. It describes the effect of the battery of each node running out and how much additional energy is needed. Although it is known that WPT can reduce the probability of the battery running out among a few nodes within a small area, the performance of a fully WPT network has not been clarified. By using stochastic geometry and first-passage-time analysis for a diffusion process, the expected LJR was theoretically derived. Numerical examples demonstrate that the key parameters determining the performance of the network are node density, threshold switching of statuses between “transferring energy” and “receiving energy,” and the parameters of power conversion. They also demonstrate the followings: (1) The mean energy stored in the node battery decreases in the networks because of the loss caused by WPT, and a fully WPT network cannot decrease the probability of the battery running out under the current WPT efficiency. (2) When the saturation value of power conversion increases, a fully WPT network can decrease the probability of the battery running out although the mean energy stored in the node battery still decreases in the networks. This result is explained by the fact that the variance of stored energy in each node battery becomes smaller due to transfer of energy from nodes of sufficient energy to nodes of insufficient energy.},
keywords={},
doi={10.1587/transcom.2022EBP3204},
ISSN={1745-1345},
month={October},}
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TY - JOUR
TI - Theoretical Analysis of Fully Wireless-Power-Transfer Node Networks
T2 - IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
SP - 864
EP - 872
AU - Hiroshi SAITO
PY - 2023
DO - 10.1587/transcom.2022EBP3204
JO - IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
SN - 1745-1345
VL - E106-B
IS - 10
JA - IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Y1 - October 2023
AB - The performance of a fully wireless-power-transfer (WPT) node network, in which each node transfers (and receives) energy through a wireless channel when it has sufficient (and insufficient) energy in its battery, was theoretically analyzed. The lost job ratio (LJR), namely, is the ratio of (i) the amount of jobs that cannot be done due to battery of a node running out to (ii) the amount of jobs that should be done, is used as a performance metric. It describes the effect of the battery of each node running out and how much additional energy is needed. Although it is known that WPT can reduce the probability of the battery running out among a few nodes within a small area, the performance of a fully WPT network has not been clarified. By using stochastic geometry and first-passage-time analysis for a diffusion process, the expected LJR was theoretically derived. Numerical examples demonstrate that the key parameters determining the performance of the network are node density, threshold switching of statuses between “transferring energy” and “receiving energy,” and the parameters of power conversion. They also demonstrate the followings: (1) The mean energy stored in the node battery decreases in the networks because of the loss caused by WPT, and a fully WPT network cannot decrease the probability of the battery running out under the current WPT efficiency. (2) When the saturation value of power conversion increases, a fully WPT network can decrease the probability of the battery running out although the mean energy stored in the node battery still decreases in the networks. This result is explained by the fact that the variance of stored energy in each node battery becomes smaller due to transfer of energy from nodes of sufficient energy to nodes of insufficient energy.
ER -