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The Sinclair scattering matrix is defined in a fixed radar range. If a radar target extends in the range direction, the reflected signal or the compound scattering matrix will undergo interaction of multiple reflections. Since scattering matrix is subject to target parameters such as shape, size, orientation, material, and radar parameters as frequency, polarization, and incidence angle, it is difficult to specify a representative scattering matrix of a general target. Therefore we choose the simplest target, wire, and its scattering matrix to examine the effect of targets aligned in the range direction with respect to the compound scattering matrix. First, we present a simple formula for the compound scattering matrix of wires with the phase difference due to spacing. Then, we employed the FDTD method to examine the scattering phenomena, changing the spacing in the range direction. The FDTD result reveals that two wires can become sphere (plate) and dihedral corner reflector (diplane) component generators; and that four wires can become a good helix component generator. These phenomena are verified with a laboratory measurement. From the result, the target decomposition should be carefully carried out in terms of range. If a range resolution of a radar is not high enough, the scattering matrix of the desired target may be affected by the targets behind.

- Publication
- IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications Vol.E84-B No.1 pp.81-88

- Publication Date
- 2001/01/01

- Publicized

- Online ISSN

- DOI

- Type of Manuscript
- PAPER

- Category
- Antenna and Propagation

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Kenji KITAYAMA, Yoshio YAMAGUCHI, Jian YANG, Hiroyoshi YAMADA, "Compound Scattering Matrix of Targets Aligned in the Range Direction" in IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications,
vol. E84-B, no. 1, pp. 81-88, January 2001, doi: .

Abstract: The Sinclair scattering matrix is defined in a fixed radar range. If a radar target extends in the range direction, the reflected signal or the compound scattering matrix will undergo interaction of multiple reflections. Since scattering matrix is subject to target parameters such as shape, size, orientation, material, and radar parameters as frequency, polarization, and incidence angle, it is difficult to specify a representative scattering matrix of a general target. Therefore we choose the simplest target, wire, and its scattering matrix to examine the effect of targets aligned in the range direction with respect to the compound scattering matrix. First, we present a simple formula for the compound scattering matrix of wires with the phase difference due to spacing. Then, we employed the FDTD method to examine the scattering phenomena, changing the spacing in the range direction. The FDTD result reveals that two wires can become sphere (plate) and dihedral corner reflector (diplane) component generators; and that four wires can become a good helix component generator. These phenomena are verified with a laboratory measurement. From the result, the target decomposition should be carefully carried out in terms of range. If a range resolution of a radar is not high enough, the scattering matrix of the desired target may be affected by the targets behind.

URL: https://global.ieice.org/en_transactions/communications/10.1587/e84-b_1_81/_p

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@ARTICLE{e84-b_1_81,

author={Kenji KITAYAMA, Yoshio YAMAGUCHI, Jian YANG, Hiroyoshi YAMADA, },

journal={IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications},

title={Compound Scattering Matrix of Targets Aligned in the Range Direction},

year={2001},

volume={E84-B},

number={1},

pages={81-88},

abstract={The Sinclair scattering matrix is defined in a fixed radar range. If a radar target extends in the range direction, the reflected signal or the compound scattering matrix will undergo interaction of multiple reflections. Since scattering matrix is subject to target parameters such as shape, size, orientation, material, and radar parameters as frequency, polarization, and incidence angle, it is difficult to specify a representative scattering matrix of a general target. Therefore we choose the simplest target, wire, and its scattering matrix to examine the effect of targets aligned in the range direction with respect to the compound scattering matrix. First, we present a simple formula for the compound scattering matrix of wires with the phase difference due to spacing. Then, we employed the FDTD method to examine the scattering phenomena, changing the spacing in the range direction. The FDTD result reveals that two wires can become sphere (plate) and dihedral corner reflector (diplane) component generators; and that four wires can become a good helix component generator. These phenomena are verified with a laboratory measurement. From the result, the target decomposition should be carefully carried out in terms of range. If a range resolution of a radar is not high enough, the scattering matrix of the desired target may be affected by the targets behind.},

keywords={},

doi={},

ISSN={},

month={January},}

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TY - JOUR

TI - Compound Scattering Matrix of Targets Aligned in the Range Direction

T2 - IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications

SP - 81

EP - 88

AU - Kenji KITAYAMA

AU - Yoshio YAMAGUCHI

AU - Jian YANG

AU - Hiroyoshi YAMADA

PY - 2001

DO -

JO - IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications

SN -

VL - E84-B

IS - 1

JA - IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications

Y1 - January 2001

AB - The Sinclair scattering matrix is defined in a fixed radar range. If a radar target extends in the range direction, the reflected signal or the compound scattering matrix will undergo interaction of multiple reflections. Since scattering matrix is subject to target parameters such as shape, size, orientation, material, and radar parameters as frequency, polarization, and incidence angle, it is difficult to specify a representative scattering matrix of a general target. Therefore we choose the simplest target, wire, and its scattering matrix to examine the effect of targets aligned in the range direction with respect to the compound scattering matrix. First, we present a simple formula for the compound scattering matrix of wires with the phase difference due to spacing. Then, we employed the FDTD method to examine the scattering phenomena, changing the spacing in the range direction. The FDTD result reveals that two wires can become sphere (plate) and dihedral corner reflector (diplane) component generators; and that four wires can become a good helix component generator. These phenomena are verified with a laboratory measurement. From the result, the target decomposition should be carefully carried out in terms of range. If a range resolution of a radar is not high enough, the scattering matrix of the desired target may be affected by the targets behind.

ER -