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Low-voltage technique for IC is getting one of the most important matters. It is quite difficult to realize a filter which can operate at 1 V or less because the base-emitter voltage of transistors can hardly be reduced. A design of a low-voltage continuous-time filter is presented in this paper. The basic building block of the filter is a pseudo-differential transconductor which has no tail current source. Therefore, the operating voltage is lower than that of an emitter-coupled pair. However, the common-mode (CM) gain of the transconductor is quite high and the CMRR is low. In order to reduce the CM gain, a CM feedback circuit is employed. The transconductance characteristic is expressed as the function of hyperbolic cosine. The designed filter is a fifth-order gyrator-*C* filter. The transconductor and the filter which has a fifth-order Butterworth lowpass characteristic are demonstrated by PSpice simulation. Transconductance characteristic, CMRR and stability of the transconductor are confirmed through the simulation. In the analysis of the filter, frequency response and offset voltage are examined. It is shown that the filter which has corner frequency of the order of megahertz can operate at a 1 V supply voltage.

- Publication
- IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals Vol.E82-A No.6 pp.973-980

- Publication Date
- 1999/06/25

- Publicized

- Online ISSN

- DOI

- Type of Manuscript
- Special Section PAPER (Special Section of Papers Selected from 1998 International Technical Conference on Circuits/Systems, Computers and Communications (ITC-CSCC '98))

- Category

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Fujihiko MATSUMOTO, Yasuaki NOGUCHI, "A 1-V Continuous-Time Filter Using Bipolar Pseudo-Differential Transconductors" in IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals,
vol. E82-A, no. 6, pp. 973-980, June 1999, doi: .

Abstract: Low-voltage technique for IC is getting one of the most important matters. It is quite difficult to realize a filter which can operate at 1 V or less because the base-emitter voltage of transistors can hardly be reduced. A design of a low-voltage continuous-time filter is presented in this paper. The basic building block of the filter is a pseudo-differential transconductor which has no tail current source. Therefore, the operating voltage is lower than that of an emitter-coupled pair. However, the common-mode (CM) gain of the transconductor is quite high and the CMRR is low. In order to reduce the CM gain, a CM feedback circuit is employed. The transconductance characteristic is expressed as the function of hyperbolic cosine. The designed filter is a fifth-order gyrator-*C* filter. The transconductor and the filter which has a fifth-order Butterworth lowpass characteristic are demonstrated by PSpice simulation. Transconductance characteristic, CMRR and stability of the transconductor are confirmed through the simulation. In the analysis of the filter, frequency response and offset voltage are examined. It is shown that the filter which has corner frequency of the order of megahertz can operate at a 1 V supply voltage.

URL: https://global.ieice.org/en_transactions/fundamentals/10.1587/e82-a_6_973/_p

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@ARTICLE{e82-a_6_973,

author={Fujihiko MATSUMOTO, Yasuaki NOGUCHI, },

journal={IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals},

title={A 1-V Continuous-Time Filter Using Bipolar Pseudo-Differential Transconductors},

year={1999},

volume={E82-A},

number={6},

pages={973-980},

abstract={Low-voltage technique for IC is getting one of the most important matters. It is quite difficult to realize a filter which can operate at 1 V or less because the base-emitter voltage of transistors can hardly be reduced. A design of a low-voltage continuous-time filter is presented in this paper. The basic building block of the filter is a pseudo-differential transconductor which has no tail current source. Therefore, the operating voltage is lower than that of an emitter-coupled pair. However, the common-mode (CM) gain of the transconductor is quite high and the CMRR is low. In order to reduce the CM gain, a CM feedback circuit is employed. The transconductance characteristic is expressed as the function of hyperbolic cosine. The designed filter is a fifth-order gyrator-*C* filter. The transconductor and the filter which has a fifth-order Butterworth lowpass characteristic are demonstrated by PSpice simulation. Transconductance characteristic, CMRR and stability of the transconductor are confirmed through the simulation. In the analysis of the filter, frequency response and offset voltage are examined. It is shown that the filter which has corner frequency of the order of megahertz can operate at a 1 V supply voltage.},

keywords={},

doi={},

ISSN={},

month={June},}

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TY - JOUR

TI - A 1-V Continuous-Time Filter Using Bipolar Pseudo-Differential Transconductors

T2 - IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals

SP - 973

EP - 980

AU - Fujihiko MATSUMOTO

AU - Yasuaki NOGUCHI

PY - 1999

DO -

JO - IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals

SN -

VL - E82-A

IS - 6

JA - IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals

Y1 - June 1999

AB - Low-voltage technique for IC is getting one of the most important matters. It is quite difficult to realize a filter which can operate at 1 V or less because the base-emitter voltage of transistors can hardly be reduced. A design of a low-voltage continuous-time filter is presented in this paper. The basic building block of the filter is a pseudo-differential transconductor which has no tail current source. Therefore, the operating voltage is lower than that of an emitter-coupled pair. However, the common-mode (CM) gain of the transconductor is quite high and the CMRR is low. In order to reduce the CM gain, a CM feedback circuit is employed. The transconductance characteristic is expressed as the function of hyperbolic cosine. The designed filter is a fifth-order gyrator-*C* filter. The transconductor and the filter which has a fifth-order Butterworth lowpass characteristic are demonstrated by PSpice simulation. Transconductance characteristic, CMRR and stability of the transconductor are confirmed through the simulation. In the analysis of the filter, frequency response and offset voltage are examined. It is shown that the filter which has corner frequency of the order of megahertz can operate at a 1 V supply voltage.

ER -