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Impact of sampling frequency and the number of quantization bit of analog-to-digital conversion (ADC) in a direct detection lightwave system using Kramers-Kronig (KK) relation, which has been attracting attention in recent years, are numerically investigated. We studied the effect of spectral broadening caused by nonlinear operations (logarithm, square root) of the KK algorithm when the frequency gap (shift frequency) between the modulated signal and the optical tone is varied. We found that reception performances depend on both the ADC bandwidth and the relative positions of the optical tone and the spectrum. Spectral broadening caused by the logarithm operation of the KK algorithm is found to be the dominant factor of signal distortion in an ADC bandwidth limited system. We studied the effect of the number of quantization bit on the error vector magnitude (EVM) of KK relation based reception in a carrier-to-signal power ratio (CSPR) adjustable transmission system. We found that performances of KK relation based receiver can be improved by increasing the number of quantization bits. For minimum-phase-condition satisfied KK receiver, the required number of quantization bit was found to be 5 bits or more for detection of QPSK, 16-QAM and 64-QAM-modulated signal after 20-km transmission.
Takaha FUJITA
Tokyo University of Science
Kentaro TOBA
Tokyo University of Science
Kariyawasam Indipalage Amila SAMPATH
Tokyo University of Science
Joji MAEDA
Tokyo University of Science
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Takaha FUJITA, Kentaro TOBA, Kariyawasam Indipalage Amila SAMPATH, Joji MAEDA, "Impact of Sampling and Quantization on Kramers-Kronig Relation-Based Direct Detection" in IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications,
vol. E103-B, no. 11, pp. 1291-1298, November 2020, doi: 10.1587/transcom.2019OBP0008.
Abstract: Impact of sampling frequency and the number of quantization bit of analog-to-digital conversion (ADC) in a direct detection lightwave system using Kramers-Kronig (KK) relation, which has been attracting attention in recent years, are numerically investigated. We studied the effect of spectral broadening caused by nonlinear operations (logarithm, square root) of the KK algorithm when the frequency gap (shift frequency) between the modulated signal and the optical tone is varied. We found that reception performances depend on both the ADC bandwidth and the relative positions of the optical tone and the spectrum. Spectral broadening caused by the logarithm operation of the KK algorithm is found to be the dominant factor of signal distortion in an ADC bandwidth limited system. We studied the effect of the number of quantization bit on the error vector magnitude (EVM) of KK relation based reception in a carrier-to-signal power ratio (CSPR) adjustable transmission system. We found that performances of KK relation based receiver can be improved by increasing the number of quantization bits. For minimum-phase-condition satisfied KK receiver, the required number of quantization bit was found to be 5 bits or more for detection of QPSK, 16-QAM and 64-QAM-modulated signal after 20-km transmission.
URL: https://global.ieice.org/en_transactions/communications/10.1587/transcom.2019OBP0008/_p
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@ARTICLE{e103-b_11_1291,
author={Takaha FUJITA, Kentaro TOBA, Kariyawasam Indipalage Amila SAMPATH, Joji MAEDA, },
journal={IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications},
title={Impact of Sampling and Quantization on Kramers-Kronig Relation-Based Direct Detection},
year={2020},
volume={E103-B},
number={11},
pages={1291-1298},
abstract={Impact of sampling frequency and the number of quantization bit of analog-to-digital conversion (ADC) in a direct detection lightwave system using Kramers-Kronig (KK) relation, which has been attracting attention in recent years, are numerically investigated. We studied the effect of spectral broadening caused by nonlinear operations (logarithm, square root) of the KK algorithm when the frequency gap (shift frequency) between the modulated signal and the optical tone is varied. We found that reception performances depend on both the ADC bandwidth and the relative positions of the optical tone and the spectrum. Spectral broadening caused by the logarithm operation of the KK algorithm is found to be the dominant factor of signal distortion in an ADC bandwidth limited system. We studied the effect of the number of quantization bit on the error vector magnitude (EVM) of KK relation based reception in a carrier-to-signal power ratio (CSPR) adjustable transmission system. We found that performances of KK relation based receiver can be improved by increasing the number of quantization bits. For minimum-phase-condition satisfied KK receiver, the required number of quantization bit was found to be 5 bits or more for detection of QPSK, 16-QAM and 64-QAM-modulated signal after 20-km transmission.},
keywords={},
doi={10.1587/transcom.2019OBP0008},
ISSN={1745-1345},
month={November},}
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TY - JOUR
TI - Impact of Sampling and Quantization on Kramers-Kronig Relation-Based Direct Detection
T2 - IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
SP - 1291
EP - 1298
AU - Takaha FUJITA
AU - Kentaro TOBA
AU - Kariyawasam Indipalage Amila SAMPATH
AU - Joji MAEDA
PY - 2020
DO - 10.1587/transcom.2019OBP0008
JO - IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
SN - 1745-1345
VL - E103-B
IS - 11
JA - IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications
Y1 - November 2020
AB - Impact of sampling frequency and the number of quantization bit of analog-to-digital conversion (ADC) in a direct detection lightwave system using Kramers-Kronig (KK) relation, which has been attracting attention in recent years, are numerically investigated. We studied the effect of spectral broadening caused by nonlinear operations (logarithm, square root) of the KK algorithm when the frequency gap (shift frequency) between the modulated signal and the optical tone is varied. We found that reception performances depend on both the ADC bandwidth and the relative positions of the optical tone and the spectrum. Spectral broadening caused by the logarithm operation of the KK algorithm is found to be the dominant factor of signal distortion in an ADC bandwidth limited system. We studied the effect of the number of quantization bit on the error vector magnitude (EVM) of KK relation based reception in a carrier-to-signal power ratio (CSPR) adjustable transmission system. We found that performances of KK relation based receiver can be improved by increasing the number of quantization bits. For minimum-phase-condition satisfied KK receiver, the required number of quantization bit was found to be 5 bits or more for detection of QPSK, 16-QAM and 64-QAM-modulated signal after 20-km transmission.
ER -